Dedicated to the 100 million victims of communism worldwide.
Home  |  Site Map  |  Contact Us
National Exhibit
National Exhibit
Alexander Dubček

Though born in Slovakia in1923, he was conceived in Chicago where his parents lived at the time. The family returned to their native land but soon moved to a remote part of the Soviet Union – Kyrgystan to become members of an industrial cooperative known as Interhelpo. There young Dubček spent his formative years - from the age three to seventeen.

On the eve of World War II, in 1938 the family returned to Czechoslovakia. Dubček joined the underground fighting against the Slovak fascist regime and during the war he joined the illegal Communist Party of Slovakia.

Elected member of the National Assembly in 1951, two years later he was sent to Moscow to study at a political college. After graduation he became a member of the Party’s Central Committee and later the First Secretary of the Slovak branch of the Communist Party.

The tumultuous reform movement in 1968 led the downfall of the increasingly unpopular president and Party leader Antonín Novotný and the elevation of Dubček as a symbol of "Prague Spring."

This experiment with "socialism with a human face" triggered in August 1968 the military invasion by the Warsaw Pact forces, most of them Soviet., Dubček was forced to resign as the head of the Party, and in 1970 he was expelled from its ranks and demoted to work as a low ranking official in the forestry service in Bratislava.

After the "velvet revolution" in 1989 he was elected Speaker of the Federal Assembly and in November 1992 he died of injuries sustained in a car crash.

Click for sources of the victims of communism

Location:  Central Europe
Capital:  Prague
Communist Rule:  1948-1989
Status:  31.12.92 - Dissolution
Victims of Communism:
65 000